In 1964, a concrete wall was built across part of a paddock next to the Maruia River, near Springs Junction (see yellow dot on the map above). The wall is 24 metres long, about 1.5 metres high, and at first sight seems pointless, standing alone and unconnected with any other structure. I visited this location recently with Rob Langridge, earthquake scientist at GNS Science, 50 years after the wall was built.
The last rupture here at Springs Junction in about AD 1600 offset a nearby river terrace by about 1.5 metres. This suggests that at least two earthquakes will have accumulated the 10 metres of offset of the stream channel.